Category Archives: Legal

Understanding The Fourth Amendment

If the government or any law enforcement official wants to do that, he or she must have something called “probable cause.” After presenting the probable cause to a judge, the judge can then give them permission by giving them a search warrant to search and ultimately seize any evidence.

Probable cause refers to any facts of evidence that would make a reasonable person believe that a crime is being committed, has been committed, or is about to be committed. A lot of people don’t understand what actually constitutes as probable cause. Usually probable cause is broken down into four categories: observation, expertise, information, and circumstantial evidence.

Observation is the most common form of probable cause. This refers to any evidence that is obtained by law enforcement officials through their senses such as sight, smell or hearing. If a law enforcement official believes that there is an immediate threat, he can search and seize a person without the necessity of a search warrant. This has caused much controversy because some people feel it gives legal justification to racial profiling. If you feel that you were searched and seized without quality observation probable cause then call a criminal lawyer immediately to learn more about your rights. Any evidence found against you may be inadmissible in court.

Some officers are trained in special areas such as learning gang signs and symbols and identifying criminal burglary tools. This is considered Expertise probable cause. Witness testimony, victim testimony, and any information provided by informants are considered Information probable cause. Together, the types of probable cause are usually what are used to convince a judge for a search warrant against a suspect. Any evidence that is found is usually admissible in court because it is considered factual direct evidence against the suspect of the crime.

The last type of probable cause, Circumstantial Evidence, is different; it is used to do display the guilt of the suspect through reasoning when there is a lack of direct evidence against them. It usually occurs through combining different seeming unrelated acts that infer the suspect’s guilt. This includes things like the suspect’s behavior, withdrawing or depositing large amounts of money, or anything that seems suspicious. If law enforcement officials can convince a judge, they could get a search warrant to search and seize the suspect.

If you feel that you have been searched and seized without probable cause even if they law enforcement officials had a search warrant, contact a criminal defense lawyer immediately. Together you can examine the reasoning of the search warrant and determine whether any evidence found against you can be used in court.


Longshot Rice Would Lift Romney ‘s Foreign Expertise : NPR

One way Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney could bolster his foreign policy standing is by choosing an expert as his running mate. One name that’s been circulating in the rumor mill is former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice.

Rice, who served under George W. Bush both as secretary of state and as national security adviser, says she’s not interested in the job. Still, she created a lot of buzz in June when she spoke to Romney donors in Utah.

An Exceptional Career

In her speeches, Rice often talks about America as an exceptional country, telling the story of ” a little girl from Birmingham, Ala., the most segregated big city in America, where her parents can’t take her to a restaurant or to a movie theater, but they have her absolutely convinced that she may not be able to have a hamburger at Woolworth’s but she could be president of the United States if she wanted to be. And she becomes the secretary of state instead.”

That little girl also grew up to play piano, and has even performed with famed cellist Yo-Yo Ma. Rice is a Stanford professor with a background in Soviet studies. She’s also a football fan and once said her dream job is to be NFL commissioner.

via Longshot Rice Would Lift Romney ‘s Foreign Expertise : NPR.

Travel and Tour World

Hilton Worldwide has been awarded the highly acclaimed Carbon Saver Gold Standard for effective carbon reduction and management at all of its UK hotels, where carbon emissions have been reduced over a three year period. Sustainability is a critical performance measure of the business, just like quality, service, and revenue. Hilton Worldwide is the first major multi-brand hospitality company in the industry to make this commitment.



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